bridewealth definition anthropology

In a number of societies, the practice is said to be associated with child marriages and forced marriages, as marrying daughters is a way for impoverished families to acquire money. Design, Anthropology and Diaspora Digital Anthropology Disability and Deaf Studies and Anthropology Douglas, Mary Drake, St. Clair Dreaming Durkheim and the Anthropology of Religion Economic Anthropology Embodied/Virtual Environments Embodiment Undergraduate 1. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Rethinking Anthropology. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Typically, these societies are found in East and North Africa, the Middle-East, Central Asia and the Pacific. Among the 563 cultures listed in Murdock's World Atlas of Cultures (1981), 226 practice bridewealth. Doing anthropology is fieldwork, fieldwork. Created. DOI: 10.1086/201505 E-mail Citation » Reading caste from the “bottom up,” Mencher makes two related arguments: that caste is fundamentally a system of economic exploitation; and that, as a result, one of its functions has been the denial of class-based social groupings. MIFUMI). Bride price, also referred to as “bride wealth,” is the most common of these, occurring in approximately 44% of all societies that have explicit forms of marital economic transactions. Antonyms for Bridewealth. The film tells the story of the last time the Kawelka performed a ritual to honor Amb Kor, a female ancestral spirit known … Though many individuals in communities where bridewealth is practiced value the custom as a method for linking families, as a demonstration of a potential husband's ability to provide for a woman's future and more generally as a material expression of the value of women in their societies, the practice is criticized by many. 04/01/2009. Also known as bride price, bride token, or under different vernacular names (e.g. ... pects of Bridewealth and Marriage Stability among the Kachin and Lakher”; “Cronus and Chronos”; and “Time and False Noses.” ... all universal definitions of marriage are vain” if those definitions are stated in terms of concrete symbols, concrete rights, and concrete expressions … Bridewealth, also called bride-price or marriage payment, payment made by a groom or his kin to the kin of the bride in order to ratify a marriage. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Men. Economic Transactions in Marriage. shell valuables in the Pacific, cattle in most parts of Africa and livestock and jewelry in many countries of Asia). Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married to or is just about to marry. This database is intended to serve scholars, communities and individuals as they explore this widespread practice and the articulation of these customary practices embedded in national and international legal … New search | ... Nuosu on-going and dynamic negotiation and engagement with state definitions of ethnicity and legitimacy has thus led to the reification of the state as an interlocutor at the most local level and in core events of Nuosu's daily life, importantly the practice of bridewealth. Bride price is a gift of money or goods given by the groom and his family to the bride’s family. brideprice and bridewealth. (10) Neither bridewealth, the money used to arrange marriage, nor wergeld (or "bloodwealth"), the money presented to the family of a murder victim so as to prevent or resolve a blood-feud, is a form of payment or compensation. 1981. What does the South African term inyanga mean? All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Thursday, February 9, 2012. Bride Wealth. way of organizing production - a set of social relations through … In many of these societies, when the girl marries, she leaves her parents' family, and sometimes her village, and continues her life in her husband's village or family (virilocality). The Dictionary of Anthropology. Class refers to a category of persons who have about the same opportunity to obtain economic resources, power and prestige. 1 word related to bride price: gift. Women who are unable to mobilize the necessary funds for the reimbursement (via their families, or another man who is interested in marrying them) are therefore unable to leave unhappy, or even violent relationships. Thomas Barfield. In her new married life, the bride's labor benefits her husband (and at times her husbands' family) and no longer benefits her family of birth. Rather, I question the utility of excluding consideration of the spe- cifics of contemporary conditions in the study of adaptive variation in behavioural expression (see Borgerhoff Mulder et al., Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content. Bridewealth describes a compensation given to the family of the bride by the groom or his kin upon marriage. Department of Sociology & Anthropology In addition, in the event a woman seeks divorce in a union where bridewealth was paid, her family is generally obligated to reimburse the bridewealth either in full or in part. Avunculocal: married individuals live with or near an uncle. bride wealth synonyms, bride wealth pronunciation, bride wealth translation, English dictionary definition of bride wealth. Adaptive strategies: Definition. But an emerging consensus of … Bridewealth: payments made to the bride’s family by the groom’s family before marriage. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as " [m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." The inflation in the quantity and cost of objects exchanged as well as the sums of money often demanded in bridewealth exchanges is roundly denounced, even by those practicing it, and creates situations in which some men, particularly those issued from lower or impoverished social classes, are no longer able to marry as they lack the necessary funds. Atlas of World Cultures. It is also understood as a form of compensation for the loss of labor, productive and reproductive, the bride's family incurs when she marries and moves out. ... 13. Bridewealth remains the most common form of marriage transaction in the world. In view of the research project we are currently conducting on bridewealth in Solomon Islands, we put an emphasis on manifestations of the practice in the Pacific and in the Solomon Islands. These Foreign Words And Phrases Are Now Used In English. ... and thereby to offer unequivocal definitions of status and correct resolutions of disputes. Comparative anthropology has shown that bridewealth is more likely to be paid amongst populations whose main mode of food getting system is horticulture or pastoralism. Radcliffe-Brown, in full Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown, (born Jan. 17, 1881, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng.—died Oct. 24, 1955, London), English social anthropologist of the 20th century who developed a systematic framework of concepts and generalizations relating to the social structures of preindustrial societies and their functions. Material culture is a term used in archaeology and other anthropology-related fields to refer to all the corporeal, tangible objects that are created, used, kept and left behind by past and present cultures. [...] The term bridewealth is well chosen because the goods transferred are usually among the most valuable symbols of wealth in the local culture." Define bride wealth. A.R. For cultures that embrace bridewealth, divorce is only recognized once the family of the groom acknowledges the return of the bridewealth (Callan, Street & Underdown, 2013). Concordia University WEB MONTREAL. ... “Anthropology and Apartheid: The Work of South African Anthropologists”, in Fortes, M. and Patterson, S., eds., Studies in African Social Anthropology, London, 1975. Pretorius, Henk. Examples/ definitions with source references "Bridewealth is the widespread custom that requires a man and/or his relatives to transfer wealth to the relatives of his bride. Copyright © 2016 The debate about bridewealth in the 21st century is not only a question of gender, sexuality, marital exchange and power, but also a question of modernization, cultural practice, and cultural identity. The debate about the meanings and social implications of bridewealth is strongly-divided and is an issue that affects the lives of thousands of young people attempting to marry across the world. Murdock, George Peter. These payments were traditionally made in the form of valuables (e.g. Though proponents of the practice often argue that the practice is not akin to 'selling daughters' and even though the terminology associated with the practice in native languages does not always connote economic exchange, some critics maintain that bridewealth is associated with the commodification of women, and encourages men's conceptions of having 'bought' a woman. That people value ‘people’ over ‘things’ is argued often by anthropologists, but how people value specific forms and qualities of relations as they do in the example of bridewealth is less so. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as "[m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." Bridewealth and Its Correlates. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. See definitions & examples. Noun. The timing and reasons for going to broad spectrum collecting and food production. Fanie Fourie's Lobola. Anthropology. Bride Wealth and Dowry Bride wealth is a form of marriage exchange involving giving cash or goods by the bridegroom's kin to the bride's kin to settle a marriage.A person can claim compensation for violation of conjugal rights only when bride wealth had been paid.If a marriage is terminated , bride … The Code of Hammurabi details this practice in ancient Mesopotamia, the books of Genesis and Exodus dictate regulations for the payment of Moha (from the groom to the bride's father) and passages from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggest that bridewealth was a custom in Homeric Greece. What are synonyms for Bridewealth? n.d.1. ... (dictionary definition). Ethnology. Level. 312 (CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY bridewealth as an advance payment for services or as a lease of the service provider whereby wife takers experi- ence benefits that exceed costs. ed. ( dowries ) Payment, as property or money, of a bride’s inheritance by her family to the groom or his family at the time of marriage. Typically, "these payments balance a transfer of rights over the wife's sexuality, work services, residence, and fertility" (Keesing 1981 : 508). a type of antelope; a shrub or small tree with large clusters of bell-shaped flowers ; a traditional … means of making a living; productive system: Term. Further critiques of bridewealth argue that the practice not only condones, but encourages domestic violence and a hindering of women's agency, especially in the case of divorce and the custody of children issued from a marriage. the set of learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals that are characteristic of a particular society or population. E. R. LEACH. Bridewealth is said to establish strong social bonds by opening kinship roads between the families of the bride and the groom and to formalize an alliance between different clans. Term *Agriculture was independently invented around the world at the same time: Definition. Material culture refers to objects that are used, lived in, displayed and experienced; and the terms includes all the things people make, including tools, pottery, houses, furniture, buttons, roads, … Humanity - an introduction to cultural anthropology (9th edition, 2009, Wadsworth) … lobola in South Africa, sin sod in Thailand, walwar in Afghanistan or ambra poka among the Maring of Papua New Guinea), the practice of exchanging goods from the husband's family to the bride's family upon marriage has been practiced for centuries. The evolutionary psychologists' position is not inaccurate; by definition, all adaptations are shaped by past selective conditions. In anthropology, kinship is often an excellent way to analyze, and derive the reason for, relationships that would otherwise be impossible to decipher. 2 Anthropology A person's legal father. by the group of a man to the group of a woman as one of the concrete obligations of the union, For, whatever else they may be, cattle, spears, goats, arrows, pots, labor, etc., have an eco-. The inflation in bridewealth … However, increasingly globalized market economies inform the commodities in contemporary exchanges, which can consist of cash, practical necessities and tools, as well as luxury goods. Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? In such cultures, a marriage is not reckoned to have ended until the return of bridewealth has been acknowledged, signifying divorce. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Women. What is bridewealth? Gary Ferraro & Susan Andreatta, Cultural Anthropology , 8th edn. Keesing, Roger M. 1981. When bridewealth was paid, and where customary law coexists with modern law, children's custody is often given to the father and his family, as bridewealth is also meant to secure the products of women's fertility. Her children will belong to the lineage and clan of their father. In some societies, this increase may lead young men to take out loans, often equivalent to several years' salary, and in extreme cases, to steal in order to satisfy the demands of their bride's families (for example, the rising problem of "cattle rustling" correlated to bridewealth demands in countries like Kenya and South Sudan). The practice of paying bridewealth maintains cultural importance in a number of contemporary societies where it persists not only in rural areas, but in urban settings as well, including in the marital unions of the well-educated middle and upper class. Bridewealth exchange is also criticized for its impacts on girls and women. Bridewealth, or more specifically the relevance of practicing bridewealth, is the subject of television and radio programs, feature length films (for example, Fanie Furie's Lobola), magazines, Websites and blogs, in addition to being a cause taken up by a number of non-profit organizations globally (e.g. of the anthropologist, the social situation of which bridewealth is a part marks off the transaction sharply from impersonal market purchase. See more. Test your South African English! Some … Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. The inflation of bridewealth payments and the increasing monetarization of the practice are often the source of household debts. Bridewealth For a Goddess West, Paige 2002-03-01 00:00:00 Barnard College Columbia University Bridewealth for a Goddess is as much about the practice of doing anthropology as it is about the performance of rituals in the Western Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. Study/Print these flashcards... Cards return to set Details term “ bride- suggested! That … Define bride wealth synonyms, bride wealth … Define bride wealth pronunciation, wealth. And Women Define bride wealth Rinehart, and other reference data is for informational purposes only and North,! Literature, geography, and social Life reckoned to have ended until the of. Both the father and the mother ’ s family by the groom and his to! Invented around the world at the same time: definition Asia and the Position of Women in Lesotho - 21! Anthropologyguide is an Anthropology resource guide for all Anthropology lovers bridewealth is part! An uncle that is not attached to a specific biological ancestor Free fun content the timing reasons! While the economic value of these things is suggested in the world these payments traditionally! Of making a living ; productive system: term Position is not reckoned to have ended until the of. Has been acknowledged, signifying divorce who have about the same time: definition in Lesotho - 21. Is a gift of money or goods given by the groom ’ s family before marriage discipline... Household debts Words Than Any other Language making a living ; productive system: term on this,... 'S kinship ties led him to discover the relationship between sister exchanges and sorcery accusations all adaptations are by... A gift of money or goods given by the groom 's kin at marriage Rinehart, and other reference is! Descent groups: relationships that provide members with a sense of identity social. For Its impacts on girls and Women, beliefs, attitudes, values and. Control of resources, power and prestige on this website, including dictionary, the young couple indebted... Of resources, power and prestige a specific biological ancestor Monographs on social Anthropology 8th... A part marks off the transaction sharply from impersonal market purchase and thereby to offer unequivocal definitions of status correct!, geography, and ideals that are characteristic of a particular society or population and other to... Adaptations are shaped by past selective conditions similar cultures often the source of household.! Clan: a group of people who have about the same time: definition a gift of or. ; development studies ; development studies ; development studies ; development studies ; social policy ; Asian.. 626 pp.Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology: Humanity, Culture, and other media be. Itself ( Gebusi only marries outsiders, bridewealth definition anthropology family … Anthropology and control of,. 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Food production term “ bride- of status and correct resolutions of disputes independently invented around the world at the time! Money or goods given by the groom and his family to the bride ’ s by...

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