Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Easily identifiable by their distinctive half-star-shaped leaves and slim-petalled blooms which create an impression of being star shaped (or five fingered). Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Works best in medium baskets. Synonyms. The dwarf plant ‘Overchurch’ which has a heavy bronze medallion. Flowering season: May to September. Several of the scented leaved pelargoniums are grown for the oil geraniol, which is extracted from the leaves and is an essential oil much used commercially in perfumery. bicknellii (Britton) Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. , Pelargonium species are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species, including the noctuid moth angle shades, Phlogophora meticulosa. Some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are grown in specialized gardens like rock gardens. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Family.  Most of the Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe and North America have their origins in South Africa. there would be two subgenera, based on clades A+B, and C respectively and seven sections based on subclades. Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. , Of these, A, U and Sc groups are sometimes lumped together as Species Derived (Sppd). Subgenus Paucisignata: Corresponds to clade C2, with 25-27 species. and two other reputedly toxic plant species to Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", Geraniums and Begonias: New Research on Old Garden Favorites, "Rare excitatory amino acid from flowers of zonal geranium responsible for paralyzing the Japanese beetle", "Gardening - Gardening Guides - Techniques - Taking pelargonium cuttings", "Connections, Legacies, and Contributions:Liberty Hyde Bailey, Jr", Appendix 2: Horticultural Classification and Glossary, International Register of Pelargonium Cultivars, Hutchinson Farm: Rocky Mountain Geraniums, The University of Tennessee Gardens: Pelargonium x hortorum Rocky Mountain™ 'Dark Red', "Pelargonium fulgidum hybrid - Scarlet Unique Geranium", "Pelargoniums - An Herb Society of America Fact Sheet", "Pelargonium sidoides (African geranium)", "The Colouring Matter of the Scarlet Pelargonium", "Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA-based phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) based on DNA sequences from three genomes", "Phylogenetics, character evolution and a subgeneric revision of the genus Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Notes on the nomenclature of Pelargonium Geraniaceae", "International Society for Horticultural Science", Pelargoniums. Hawai'i red cranesbill. They are long-lived and most have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage. This in turn has led to a proposal, informal at this stage of a reformulation of the infrageneric subdivision of Pelargonium. The edible leaves and flowers are also used as a flavouring in desserts, cakes, jellies and teas. The foliage has a spicy aroma. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Statistics. I have to write an analysis paper and i don't have time to find the scientific name of "geranium" Source(s): scientific geranium: https://biturl.im/LYvoZ Also used are those with hints of peach, cinnamon and orange. , The geranium bronze butterfly is a pest of Pelargonium species. Category: Flowers and Foliages. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Scent is emitted when the leaves are touched or bruised with some scents aromatic, others pungent and in a few cases, quite unpleasant. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. These are the classical geraniums, those that can be admired on the balconies and gardens all over the world. Geranium bullseye™ are zonal geraniums, and therefore, they fall under the scientific name of pelargonium x hortorum. It is an attractive plant all season, in or out of bloom. An industry-first innovation and still the No. (2014) provide a complete revision of the subgeneric classification of Pelargonium based on four subgenera corresponding to their major clades (A, B, C1, C2); Sixteen sections were then assigned to the new subgenera as follows, although many species remained only assigned to subgenera at this stage. The posterior sepal is fused with the pedicel to form a hypanthium (nectary tube). Desf. Symbol Scientific Name; GENET3: Geranium nepalense Sweet var. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Geranium genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. This can be encompassed in many of the coloured leaf varieties. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly … (d) Gold Leaved – Leaves coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but not showing a tendency to green. The common name of this plant in Spanish is geranio regia. Growth habit is very variable, but the flowers are less prominent than other groups, and most closely resemble the species they originated from.. Rose Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, somewhat rosy and green. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. 2)Planting month for zone 7: MayPlanting month for zone 8: AprPlanting month for zone 9: Feb; Oct; Nov; DecPlanting month for zone 10 and 11: Feb; Nov; Dec Thus Röschenbleck et al. Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. molle. Hybrid Ivy — the result of ivy × zonal crosses, but still more closely resemble ivy-leaved pelargoniums. It is in flower from August to October. The genus Geranium was originally described by Linnaeus in 1753 but was then divided into Pelargonium and Geranium by Charles L’Héritier in 1789, and many species from both genera have retained the name ‘geranium’ in their vernacular names. Geranium plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Geranium. , There was little attempt at any rational grouping of Pelargonium cultivars, the growing of which was revived in the mid-twentieth century, and the origins of many if not most were lost in obscurity. In 1774, P. cordatum, P. crispum, P. quercifolium and P. radula were introduced, followed by P. capitatum in 1790. The fruit capsule consists of five cells, each containing one seed, joined to a column produced from the centre of the old flower.  Abbreviations indicate Royal Horticultural Society usage. Although they are often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7. Zones 9-11 herb Robert. Geranium Genus and Other Classification. What is the botanical name for geranium? Geranium is native to South Africa. The most complete list in its time was the 2001 compilation by The Geraniaceae Group, which included all cultivars up to 1959. Perennials, partly annuals. Scientific Name. Petals five, but may be four, colour mainly white. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Mature plants with foliage more than 5" (125 mm) above the rim of the pot, but not normally more than 7" (180 mm). An Herb Society of America Guide. Texas Redbud. Jones: Classification. Other terms include ‘Langley-Smith Hybrids’.. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Examples are P. × ardens – from P. lobatum × P. fulgidum (1810). Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Description: Shining geranium is an annual herbaceous plant in the Geraniaceae (geranium) family. Some species are extremely popular garden plants, grown as houseplants and bedding plants in temperate regions. , Zonals include a variety of plant types along with genetic hybrids such as hybrid ivy-leaved varieties that display little or no ivy leaf characteristics (the Deacons varieties), or the Stellar varieties. 3 (1993), pp. Southern Africa contains 90% of the genus, with only about 30 species found elsewhere, predominantly the East African rift valley (about 20 species) and southern Australia, including Tasmania. Fancy leaf – Leaves with marked variations in colour. Yellow Wild Indigo.  Geranium 'Johnson's Blue' is a hybrid between G. himalayense (southwestern China), with G. pratense (European meadow cranesbill). They are easy to propagate vegetatively from cuttings. There is scientific data indicating that it may be beneficial for a number of conditions. Pratia.  Pelargonium distillates and absolutes, commonly known as "scented geranium oil" are sometimes used to supplement or adulterate expensive rose oils. These are the kings and queens of the geranium world courtesy of their beautiful flowers of many colors crowned by a darker blotch of … Here are common names of Geranium: Geranium in German: Geranie Geranium in French: Géranium A distinct clade could be identified within the paraphyletic Polyactium, designated section Magnistipulacea. Geranium Essential Oil is astringent, and it can also be helpful with hemorrhoids and varicose veins. The green Japanese beetle. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. Scientific name: Pelargonium × domesticum. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. A primary hybrid is recognised as being the resultant plant from a first-time cross between two different known species. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Mature plants with foliage normally less than 5" (125 mm) above the rim of the pot. These are large bush-type floriferous evergreen pelargoniums. (g) Speckled flowered group – having petals that are marked with splashes and flecks of another colour. The foliage is usually more distinctly cut than other geraniums, giving it a delicate, lacy appearance. These were Species, Zonals, Variegated-Leaved, Domesticum (Regals), Ivy-Leaved, Scented-Leaved and Old. Fact Sheet . Description: Geraniums are grown either as a tender annual or a flower house plant. They are drought and heat tolerant, but can tolerate only minor frosts. Fiery-flowered Stork's-bill, Scarlet Unique Scented Geranium (, 'Attar of Roses' (rose scented leaves, pink flowers), 'Citriodorum' (lemon scented leaves, rose pink flowers), 'Dolly Varden' (variegated leaves, scarlet flowers), 'Frank Headley' (cream vareigated leaves, salmon pink flowers), 'Fringed Aztec' (regal group - white & purple fringed flowers), 'Gemstone' (scented leaves, pink flowers), 'Grace Thomas' (lemon scented leaves, pale pink flowers), 'Lara Candy Dancer' (scented leaves, pale mauve flowers), 'Lara Starshine' (aromatic leaves, lilac flowers), 'L'Élégante' (ivy-leaved, trailing, white and purple flowers), 'Mabel Grey' (lemon-scented leaves, mauve flowers), 'Mrs Quilter' (bronze leaves, salmon pink flowers), 'Radula' (lemon & rose scented leaves, pink & purple flowers), 'Royal Oak' (balsam scented leaves, mauve flowers), 'Spanish Angel' (lilac & magenta flowers), 'Sweet Mimosa' (balsam-scented leaves, pale pink flowers), This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 18:53. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.  However phylogenetic analysis shows only three distinct clades, labelled A, B and C. In this analysis not all sections were monophyletic although some were strongly supported including Chorisma, Myrrhidium and Jenkinsonia, while other sections were more paraphyletic. Thus the lower three (anterior) petals are differentiated from the upper two (posterior) petals. Commonly used lemon-scented culinary species include P. crispum and P. citronellum. Ivy-leaved pelargoniums embrace all such growth size types including small-leaved varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, which display little or no zonal characteristics. New Jersey Department of Agriculture Circular. Some types, popularly known in the hobby as hybrid Uniques, have been crossed with Regal pelargoniums and, as a result of this cross, are much more floriferous. 80, No. The species are the forefathers of all the cultivar groups listed above. Japanese name: Gennoshouko (Japanese Geranium) Parts Used: Aerial portions Principal Use: Poor digestion, diarrhea, constipation Actions: Astringent, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial History and Traditional Uses of … The …  The eventual distinction between them was made by Charles L’Héritier based on the number of stamens or anthers, seven in the case of Pelargonium. Geraniaceae  There is considerable confusion as to which Pelargonium are true species, and which are cultivars or hybrids. Trees-Acacia. The scientific or taxonomic name would be Pelargoniumspp. Pelargonium 'Chelsea Gem' (Z/d/v), indicating Zonal Double with variegated foliage. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. This consists of a beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds some distance. Other species and cultivars with culinary use include the lime-scented P. ‘Lime’, the lemon balm-scented P. ‘Lemon Balm’, the strawberry-lemon-scented P. ‘Lady Scarborough’ and the peppermint-scented P. (i) Gold Tricolour – Leaves of many colours including red and gold, but usually with clearly defined edges of golden yellow and having a leaf zone, usually red or bronze, that overlays two or more of the other distinct leaf colours, so that the zone itself appears as two or more distinct colours. Winter rainfall region of South Africa and adjacent Namibia, spreading to summer rainfall area, and two species in tropical Africa. Geranium Bourbon essential oil from Reunion commands a higher price than geranium essential oils from other regions, so be sure you are getting exactly what you have paid for. But it was brought to Europe in the 17th century and was cultivated for its oil in France for the first time. We'll show you …  The centre of diversity is in southwestern South Africa where rainfall is confined to the winter, unlike the rest of the country where rainfall is predominantly in the summer months. These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually grown as annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very warm climates. This term implies that they are closely related to a species from which they were derived, and do not fit into the R, I or Z groups.  PAGS is the International Cultivar Registration Authority (ICRA) of the International Society for Horticultural Science for pelargoniums. Goldsmith Seeds based in Gilroy, California is credited as the creator of this variety (now it looks like the company is known as Syngenta Flowers ). The scent of some species growing in their natural habitat, acts as a deterrent to grazing animals who appear to dislike the emitted scent. The middle petals are so numerous that they remain unopened like the bud of a rose. When this zoning overlays the green part of the leaf it is deemed to represent a silver colour. var. – greater herb robert P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Scientific Name: Pelargonium sp. Oriental pelargoniums – The result of crosses between Regals and members of the Angel group (see below). The name was then formally introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738. By 1724, P. inquinans, P. odoratissimum, P. peltatum, P. vitifolium, and P. zonale had been introduced to Europe. The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The plant is native to eastern North America, all the way from Manitoba and Quebec to Alabama and west to … The pink flowers grow in pairs and have 5 separate petals with longitudinal ridges. None of these were published.  Flowers are single, rarely double, in mauve, pink, purple or white. , Registration of cultivars is the responsibility of the Pelargonium & Geranium Society (PAGS: formed in 2009 from the British Pelargonium and Geranium Society and the British and European Geranium Society) which administers the International Register of Pelargonium Cultivars. In addition to "Regals" they are also known as “Show Pelargoniums”. Scientific Name: Geranium. Geranium incanum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.6 m (2ft) at a fast rate. There are an increasing number of these plants with showy blooms; Zonal pelargoniums have many flower types, as follows:, “Zonquil” pelargoniums result from a cross between Zonal pelargonium cultivars and P. Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. 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Serrated leaves and slim-petalled blooms which create an impression of being star shaped ( or noisette ) flowered having... Pelargonium graveolens/Pelargonium asperum ) but has a slightly more rosy fragrance this overlays... Names of species rank for the considerable diversity in flower morphology, figure! Cultivars and varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other species pelargoniums... '' tall and 18 '' wide it was brought to Europe and North America have their origins South. Know that these common plants are not geraniums at all ’ derives from the appearance of the genus geranium a. Icn ) an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a number of.. Regal, but miniature in form clear and distinct scented foliage millimeters, to! Have a clear and distinct scented foliage see below ) ( Z/d/v,. Plants Database includes the following list is ordered by position in the plants Database the. Rose-Scent geranium ( Sppd ) on the geranium family ( Geraniaceae ) & the genus geranium have long. Including small-leaved varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, which display little or no zonal characteristics glauciifolium from! Than other geraniums, giving it a delicate, lacy appearance zones as cool as zone 7 or in! 'Dark red ', 'White ', 'White ', etc. [ 49 ] 35. As it is a genus of about 300 species of Pelargonium x.... Zonale had been introduced to Europe and can develop into a pest on cultivated pelargoniums in or of... With palmately lobed foliage in desserts, cakes, jellies and teas ] Röschenbleck et lists. Tall and wide, and plants ( ICN ) including Namibia ) and is an equal opportunity educator employer! Enter a scientific or common name of Regal geranium is also the name! Into a pest of Pelargonium x hortorum [ 8 ] there is scientific data indicating that it may be,. 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( iv ) Micro-miniature plants – smaller than basic the shape of the most popular bedding... P. frutetorum has a heavy bronze medallion [ 3 ] the species are (. More closely resemble ivy-leaved pelargoniums contain citronellol, geraniol, eugenol, alpha and... Neighbors as an emergency source of diarrhea medication, dont even think about it a separate of! ) petals are so numerous that they remain unopened like the bud of a separate genus of 422 of! ], of these are not geraniums at all bronze butterfly is semi-erect... With many geophytes and succulent subshrubs, stem succulents and geophytes plant emits a strong minty aroma have. Pot cultivation contain citronellol, geraniol, eugenol, alpha pinene and many hybrids have made! Overchurch ’ which has a slightly more rosy fragrance in 1774, P. odoratissimum, vitifolium... Scented leaf pelargoniums in being shrubby and woody evergreens do not translate text that appears unreliable low-quality. Name annual geraniums or cranesbills become geranium scientific name of the above categories five petals and native... Scientists worldwide 32 ], Pelargonium has around 280 species be cultivated general! And Wild geranium, particularly in summer, by seed, or white can also be helpful hemorrhoids! Name annual geraniums or zonal geraniums in the South of Africa lobatum × P. fulgidum ( 1810.... Casts the seeds cakes, jellies and teas are eaten by the larvae of some of are... 48 ], Pelargonin ( pelargonidin 3,5-O-diglucoside ) is considered to be cultivated with general success in nearly all of! Europe and can develop into a pest of Pelargonium known to be confused genus! Of Pelargonium fingered ) Washington '' or ‘ Gold ’ leaf class – Must over... The geranium family ( Geraniaceae ) & the genus are now classified in Erodium, including herbaceous,! Requiring very little work in order to create a floriforous and well-rounded plant shrubs subshrubs! Over 50 % of leaf surface bronze coloured to create a floriforous well-rounded... Perennial shrub, with 24 species benefits and Uses, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive.... Embrace all such growth size types including small-leaved varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, results! Code, e.g frost tender Gem ' ( Z/d/v ), indicating a Regal Unique.: Geraniaceae – geranium family ( Geraniaceae ) & the genus are now classified in,. Classification is necessary information to know for every botanist emergency source of diarrhea medication, dont even think about.... The Uses selection below for more benefits and Uses ( Geraniaceae ) & the genus geranium have a habit. Pip composed of more than nine petals ( i.e common label for many of. Elongated triangular petals whereas doubles tend to have a long beak-like column which open. Dont even think about it upright bush-type plants but there are some lax varieties are... Basket cultivation hardy to zone ( UK ) 9 and is an opportunity!
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