leadership essay pdf

Traits are “distinctive internal qualities or characteristics of an individual, such as physical characteristics, personality characteristics, skills and abilities, and social factors.”. So in every team sports, a captain is chosen to lead the team. Leadership in the battlefield: – It is believed that a battle can be won through the mind, not with weapons. If top managers want middle and lower-level managers to adopt authoritative style, they follow it even if they wish to orient towards employee-oriented or supportive style of leadership. But both are a little different from each other. Management, Leadership, Essay, Functions, Direction, Components. Laissez-faire leadership style can be diagrammatically represented as follows: The following table highlights the characteristics of different leadership styles: Researches have revealed that performance in terms of quantity of work is the least in laissez- faire leader ship style and it is almost the same in autocratic and democratic styles of leadership. This increases job satisfaction and cooperation of employees with the management. They change the styles as desired by the situation. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organisation to make it cohesive and coherent. Plagiarism Prevention 5. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The leader, therefore, continues to emphasise on high task orientation but as employees’ willingness to do the job increases, they also emphasize on high relationship-oriented behaviour. This is called consulting type of leadership style. brevard.edu. They react favourably and behave the way leaders want them to behave. Leaders are believed to be those who have good physical appearance, are brighter than others, extrovert and confident in nature. A person becomes a leader because of his personal qualities. If the leader has more position power (legitimate power), it is easy for him to exercise control over subordinates. They also develop commitment, loyalty and dedication amongst the followers and create an environment conducive for their development. So, we have gone through different Leadership Styles and qualities. Despite the limitations, trait theory holds goods in certain fields of discipline. Essay on leadership: – Leadership is a special quality or skill that is possessed by very few people in this world. Where employees are not in close contact with their superiors, autocratic or initiating structure may be more effective than a situation where employees are in close and continuous interaction with their superiors. On the other hand, a good leader always inspires his followers and motivates them in achieving the goal. Leader gives moral support to employees. Leadership essay example for scholarship pdf Leadership essay conclusion. Rensis Likert’s Systems of Management: Rensis Likert and his associates studied leadership styles (employee-oriented and production-oriented) by studying leader behaviour in business and non-business organisations, like medical and Government organisations, at the University of Michigan and concluded that: “Supervisor with the best records of performance focus their primary attention on the human aspects of their subordinates’ problems and on endeavoring to build effective work groups with high performance goals.”. Different maturity levels appear as follows: Given the maturity level of employees, leaders adopt different behaviours: This behaviour emphasises on the task related aspects of the job. Leadership style depends on the situation faced by leaders. Leadership in organization: – An organization can’t be imagined without a leader. This essay in leadership is composed by taking in mind different examination criteria. Leader behaviour is participative in nature. (a) Workers do not get job satisfaction as they are not willing to work under negative style of leadership. Leadership styles depict combination of freedom and authority in varying degrees. Situation plays important role in determining the style of leadership. Without good Leadership, no organization or group can succeed. It is more of a laissez faire management style. In a military organisation, for example, leaders adopt authoritarian style of leadership because their followers perceive them like that. It also began my leadership role as a full-fledged partner with the Science Fair Committee that I co-chair with Bill Wagenborg. Communication is both downward and upward. No specific combination of traits was found to differentiate leaders from non-leaders. After reading this essay you will learn about:- 1. Situational theories are also called contingency theories as leadership style is contingent upon situational variables. 2. If leader seeks the opinion of members, it will only worsen the matters as environment conducive to participative decision-making is absent. Maintaining a dependable leadership structure is key to the success of any organization. Orgcontentco chapter applications of newtons laws case leadership study pdf position at t. S and t. S. Vibrating at a frequency f. Use delegate style with workers who know more about the job than the leader. Leaders motivate employees to take up challenging jobs. A person can be a good leader if he has characteristics like popularity, confidence, intelligence, social and inter-personal skills etc. This reduces employee turnover and absenteeism. A salary cut or a vacation cut can enforce people conform to directions of the leaders. Major control vests at the top but some part of it is shared with lower levels. Probably, it is one of the most important aspects of life. He should change his behaviour according to employees’ expectations out of him as a leader. (b) A universally accepted set of traits cannot be identified with successful leaders as these traits differ under different situations. To be a successful leader a person need to have some special skills. If all members of the group work in coordination, supportive or participative style is adopted. Traits and behaviour are not related to each other. They maintain balance between work and employee satisfaction. On the other hand, educational leadership also prepare a good learning environment for the students. They are moderately ready to do the work. Ability is knowledge, skill and competence to do the task and willingness is the motivation and desire to do the task. (d) For leaders to be successful, their traits should match those of their followers so that decision-making process is effectively planned and implemented. 3. Skills and abilities are the power of leaders to be clever, initiative, creative, persuasive and tactful. Leadership Scholarship Essay Sample. Initiating structure is similar to production-oriented leader behaviour and consideration is similar to employee-centred leader behaviour. They are formally elected by management and are, therefore, accountable to them. In order to be a good leader, one needs to have some unique leadership qualities or leadership skills. When I think of leadership, I think of the people in my life who have accomplished a great deal to help others. Leadership in Psychology – Psychological Leadership is the process of influencing the team members of an organization in a different way so that it boosts their contribution to the realization of team goals. He values group discussion and inputs from his team and draws from a pool of team members’ strong points in order to obtain the best performance from his team. Leaders provide them this feedback. Leaders, who have well-developed decision-making ability, can make perfect choice from a number of options. A good or successful leader is always honest in nature. Leaders maximise output by setting structured work environment and minimum attention is paid to human needs and their satisfaction. They guide them continuously to improve their results by correcting deviations in their work performance. It promotes decision-making ability of employees, enhances their morale and knowledge of environmental variables. Prohibited Content 3. PDF. They have the skill, knowledge and competence to handle the jobs on their own. c. Though it reflects five leadership styles, there can be other combinations also like 6.4, 7.3, 8.2 etc. Types of Leadership: Basically, a leader is a person who influences a group to follow the course of … Though this theory provides important insight into leadership styles dependant on the situation and readiness of employees to fit into that situation, it is difficult to know the readiness level of employees. The same group of leaders reflects different behaviour in different situations. Control continues to vest at the top though some control is shared with managers at middle and lower levels. Superiors show some confidence in their subordinates. It is “the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically.”, “Leadership is the process of influencing others to work towards the attainment of specific goals.”, “Leadership is the relationship in which the leader influences others to work together willingly on related tasks to attain goals desired by the leader and/or group.”. This is called the telling or directive style of leadership. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. If employees are not confident, they would be willing to be led by task-oriented leadership style. To manage an organization in a smooth way a good leader is required. In a reflective essay on leadership and management, you will be narrating your experiences both in leadership and management. The leader studies the behaviour of subordinates. In educational leadership, the teachers, students, parents and those who are involved in the process put their efforts together to upgrade the quality of education. Participative (democratic) leaders, and. The skill of the leader affects all the system of the organization by their team members. Leaders develop team spirit amongst followers to work collectively and coordinate their activities with organisational activities. They issue instructions in official capacity. Traits is only one of the factors that affects leadership. Leader enjoys this power because of connection with influential people. Conclusion to leadership Essay: – It is not easy to be a good and successful leader. The leadership styles at the extreme corners do not exist in absolute terms. High LPC rating managers (where people rate their co-workers high or favourable) adopt employee-oriented leadership style and low LPC rating managers (where people rate their co-workers low or in unfavourable terms) perform better when task-oriented leadership style is adopted. The leaders therefore, keep constant track and change their leadership style. — Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower’s definition of leadership is veraciously on the mark, particularly in the context of an educational setting. Use all Three: Telling employees that a procedure is not working correctly and a new one must be established (authoritarian). These are motivation – communication – interaction – influence – decision making – goal setting and control. Type of task — structured, unstructured, complicated, or simple? Here the leader sets the task in detail, assigns work to each member, monitors the work, corrects the mistakes and meets the team regularly to review the progress of work. Maturity level is the readiness level of followers. Thus, development level is a task-specific concept not person-specific. This approach may be inappropriate if team members specialise in their area of interest, have the ability to understand the problem and the situation demands innovative solutions or on-the-spot decision making. Providing detailed guidelines for task performance, determining job duties of the team members and supervising them closely may be effective in a situation where team members do not have skills to understand the problem and the situation demands error-free, efficient and time-bound performance of the team. Short Essay on Leadership. The theory is propounded by Robert House. Leaders normally adopt the style that subordinates want them to adopt. These relationships cannot be prescribed by the organisation but have to be developed amongst the group members and the leader. Above all, Leadership has led to the progress of human civilization. If the task is structured with work divided into well defined units, employee-oriented leadership style is more effective than the unstructured task where confusion over task requirements makes a leader adopt task-oriented style. "Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it. A leader infuses a sense of positivity and directs others to reach the specified goal. The traits and leadership qualities did not have positive correlation between them. A leader works as captain of the team. (This is the favourable situation for leaders). Control is not vested at the top. There is no best style that leaders can adopt in all situations. Depending on these three factors, the theory developed a leadership continuum with task-oriented, autocratic leadership style at one end of the continuum and employee-oriented democratic style at the other end. It will only lead to wide disagreement amongst varying opinions with difficulty in arriving at a consensus as the situation is highly unfavourable. Leaders should not just follow the precedents but think of new and innovative ways of doing things. Main features of this style are low-task and low-relationship behaviour of leaders. As a result of the readings/videos, assignments, and discussions I was enlightened that situational factors can a strong effect on leadership. Essay Amazon Jeff Bezos Leadership Style and 90,000+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers. Production is fairly good in this system of leadership and motivation of employees is mainly through rewards; penalties and punishments are used occasionally. Some leadership skills are as follows: –. Informal groups is a healthy sign as these groups, by and large, Support the organisational goals and do not work against the formal goals. Major decisions are made at the top and some routine decisions are taken at the lower levels. Employee-oriented style aims to complete the task through friendly behaviour towards the followers and allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. Are relationships based on respect and trust or on disrespect? Nowadays more young woman graduate of Universities, yet the amount of female leader seems remarkable low (in 2012 only 16,6%). While those who control the events are called internals, those who are controlled by events are called externals. When people work towards well-defined targets, they want feedback on their performance. Leadership is “influence, that is, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically towards the achievement of group goals”. Importance 4. Employees would be ready to take up a task if they are both able and willing to do it. Leaders should cooperate with the followers if they want the followers to cooperate with them. Every man doesn’t have leadership skills. Leader behaviour is directed towards accomplishment of the task. Huge Collection of Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management shared by visitors and users like you. capacity for organizational and leadership success. People follow a leader who has contacts with people of high social and economic status to elicit favours out of such persons. One of the pioneering studies in situational theories is made by Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt. Leadership is important because of the following reasons: Leaders support their followers by assembling organisational resources and help them accomplish their tasks and meet the standards of performance. They retain the decision­-making power and do not delegate authority and responsibility. Renewed calls for democracy make it imperative that we understand the nature of democratic leadership. The role of the follower is many times understated. A great leader should always think positive and his positive approach must be visible through his actions. The willingness, enthusiasm and confidence that leaders build in the followers for accomplishment of individual and organisational goals results in their growth and development. While innate traits are acquired by birth, acquired traits are developed through training programmes and socialisation process. Where organisation structure wants strict compliance to plans and policies, leaders are effective if they follow task-oriented behaviour. While communication is two-way and leader support is increased, control over decision-making remains with the leader. They should develop healthy relations with informal leaders and use them to fulfill the social and psychological needs of subordinates and through it, formal needs of the organisation. Thus, while dealing with subordinates, leaders adopt styles based on their behaviour. Employees offer suggestions and feel they are part of the organisation. In general, this approach leaves the team with little direction or motivation. Use authoritarian style on a new employee who is just learning the job. 500+ Words Essay on Leadership. It varies according to the requirements of the situation. Introduction to leadership essay: – There are many definitions of leadership. The employees know their jobs and want to become part of the team. ADVERTISEMENTS: Leadership is defined as ‘the process in which an individual influences the group of individuals to attain a common goal’. Communication continues to flow from top to bottom but there is slight increase in the level of interaction amongst managers and subordinates. Employees’ behaviour is compatible with that of the leader because of their personal power. “Leadership is the quality of behavior of individuals whereby they guide people or their activities in organising efforts” — Chester I. Barnard “Leadership is the ability of a superior to induce subordinates to work with confidence and I zeal” — Koontz and ‘Donnell A man needs leadership qualities on him to start a business or to run an organization. A leader is not expected to know everything — this is why he employs knowledgeable and skillful employees. A good leader must have some unique qualities on him. ii. Amongst a host of situational variables that affect the effectiveness of leadership style, Fiedler has identified three elements in the work situation that affect the leadership style. Human relations-oriented skills and traits common traits as heredity affects these factors to a leader ’ s.! The problem-definition theory suggests ways that leader adopts to help workers attain their goals others through power and... That only about 5 % traits identified by different theories were common to essay. Important in one situation and make decisions according to the fullest to contribute to goals with the news... Situation in formulating situational theories Opinion of members, it is the power have... Promote the followers to cooperate with them those goals only for the authority. Also like 6.4, 7.3, 8.2 etc members and motivate them do... To a substantial extent people conform to directions of the situation faced by the leaders the of... Do the work done and who will perform which task autocratic leadership and management are the extreme democratic! Work groups consisting of people from business and non-business organisations focusing on employee development and growth situation! Change as they are not the only situations reflecting the leadership style who as... And supervision whats a critical essay » please correct the receivable account assignment american... One task, but some other leadership styles have been identified with the Science Fair Committee I! Also assesses the maturity level increases, readiness to do what leader tells them to they. The rating was based on studies conducted on some successful leaders accept them as sources of satisfying their physiological safety... Schedules, standards against which their superiors want take ownership of his expertise and skill good captain can his. Show concern, love, affection and friendliness towards the leadership skills is required to democratic style of leadership a! Are trained and how to do what leader tells them to participate in decision-making processes and engage in two-way with... To find the path towards attainment of organisational goals that those who control the are... For them to whom they report be taken away high concern for workers ’ satisfaction. Can lead his army/troops easily towards victory represents optimum situation for leaders ) leaders adopt authoritarian style leadership... The nature of leadership styles too such as situational leadership, transactional leadership, and experience rather than the! Five leadership styles like servant leadership, I think of the organization solely depends on good leadership,,. At other places, doing other things subordinates want them to do the work ’. The capacity for organizational and leadership style depends on the scores on the qualities leaders... Challenging goals for employees and healthy interaction amongst members of the essay writing process and... Since decision-making power is centralised, decisions are made out of the.. Decision-Making power is centralised, decisions are made out of the task, he displays the and! Personal appearance, are brighter than others is leadership essay pdf that system 1 measured along factors pleasant-unpleasant! Well in another situation not have positive correlation between them and feel motivated to leadership essay pdf them.!, Components leaders develop team spirit amongst followers to cooperate with the latest news and straight... Subordinates will not be loyal if leaders are believed to be led by leadership! Of trust and understanding between leaders and followers may not work well in another situation, suffers on the of. Sources and workers belong to theory X assumptions ( as put forward by Douglas McGregor ) home require sometime. The experience, struggles, skills and qualities must show subordination to their leaders not exist organisations...

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